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China has issued a number of national standard policies to restrict dangerous packaging

after the food safety law of the people's Republic of China and the hygienic standard for the use of additives for food containers and packaging materials (GB) were officially implemented in June this year, the plastic composite film for packaging, bag dry compounding, extrusion compounding (GB/TL) and the hygienic standard for melamine formaldehyde molded products for food containers and packaging materials (GB) were implemented in August and September respectively; The compulsory national standard general technical requirements for plastic disposable tableware (gbl8006) and other three standards will also be implemented in the next two years. Dangerous packaging and excessive packaging that endanger the health of consumers will be blocked by the standard door

how to better implement the above relevant policies and standards, protect the health of consumers and promote the healthy development of the industry? Recently, I interviewed industry experts to interpret the relevant standards

with the improvement of food packaging standards, enterprises should improve technology. Strengthen industry self-discipline

the "plastic composite film for packaging, bag dry compounding, extrusion compounding" GB/T, which has been implemented since August 1 this year, has put forward higher requirements for the ink standard for food packaging and printing, which is basically in line with the relevant standards of developed countries, and has a better guarantee for the health of consumers

dongjinshi, a famous environmental protection expert, pointed out that according to this regulation, benzene, toluene and xylene should not be used in inks, and xylene should only be used in coatings and adhesives, and the dosage should meet the requirements of product standards. According to the current technical level of China's printing industry, such requirements 14. Maintaining [hold] seems too strict for most enterprises. However, this standard has been verified through consultation and monitoring, and it is technically feasible if some enterprises can meet it; Enterprises that fail to meet the requirements should improve the process technology as soon as possible to prevent the loss of high-end customers

at the same time, since September 1 this year, we have investigated and dealt with the production, sales and use of products that have not obtained the production license of food paper packaging, containers and other products nationwide

experts understand relevant information and data such as service life. According to the regulations, qualified products within the warranty period can continue to be sold even if they are not certified during the "1035" period. However, products that are not certified and have no evidence to prove that their products are qualified, or the production date and warranty period are unclear, are all regarded as illegal products

at present, there is no unified national standard for paper cups, and the quality of paper cups is uneven. Some use recycled waste paper with unknown sources for production, and some artificially add fluorescent brighteners with carcinogenic effect to cover the color of paper. In particular, the current industry standard has no requirements for inks, and enterprises will use inferior inks with excessive benzene and heavy metals for printing in order to save money

experts revealed that the national standard "Hygienic standard for disposable paper cups" has been formulated and will be released in the near future if it is approved. Some paper cups have no shelf life, some have a shelf life of one year, some two years, and some even three years. Experts said that enterprises are suspected of disorderly marking. They hoped that relevant national departments would introduce paper cup standards as soon as possible to regulate the healthy development of the industry

the technical requirements for raw materials are refined, and the standards for plastic tableware are preliminarily improved.

the hygienic standard for melamine formaldehyde molded products for food containers and packaging materials (GB) has been officially implemented since September 1. Experts pointed out that although the new standard has stricter provisions on the recommended use of raw material melamine formaldehyde resin, it still does not explain how to detect harmful additives such as urea formaldehyde resin. Illegal enterprises and products may continue to exist. At present, only more than 50 of the nearly 1000 porcelain imitation tableware manufacturers in China have obtained production licenses (QS). Therefore, experts suggest that the porcelain imitation tableware enterprises that have not obtained production licenses should first stop illegal production and business activities and seize the time to apply for production licenses

for the general technical requirements for plastic disposable tableware (gbl8006), which will be implemented on February 1 this year, experts explained that the new standard stipulates the definition and terminology, classification, technical requirements, inspection methods, inspection rules, product marks, packaging, transportation and storage requirements of plastic disposable tableware

compared with the original standard, the new standard is not applicable to disposable tableware made of non thermoplastic materials such as disposable paper tableware, paper cups, wooden chopsticks, bamboo chopsticks, etc; At the same time, the new standard has revised the classification method, revised the technical requirements for raw materials, added the smell in the sensory index content, clarified the scope of application and the number of samples in the use performance test, and increased the starch content requirements of starch based plastic disposable tableware

the scope of fresh-keeping film standards is expanded, and the material requirements need to be clarified to limit excessive packaging.

from February 1 this year, the plastic self-adhesive fresh-keeping film for food (GBL) will replace the polyethylene self-adhesive fresh-keeping film (GBL experimental machine is a technology intensive high-tech product integrating machinery, electricity, material mechanics, experimental standards and computers) that has been implemented for 20 years. 9. A professor reminded enterprises that the scope of the new standard was expanded from self-adhesive fresh-keeping films made of polyethylene to self-adhesive fresh-keeping films made of other plastic materials, including plastic self-adhesive fresh-keeping films for food produced by single-layer extrusion or multi-layer coextrusion with polyethylene (PE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) and other resins as the main raw materials, and increased the technical requirements for raw materials

experts revealed that even PE fresh-keeping film has mixed quality. Some manufacturers use industrial or agricultural grade PE film to replace food grade PE film to produce fresh-keeping film, or add various plasticizers, etc. due to cost considerations. Experts suggested that the state should carry out a special inspection of PE fresh-keeping film as soon as possible. In addition, according to relevant investigations, some foreign-funded enterprises in China still secretly use the plasticizer DEHA (chemical name: n, n-diethylhydroxylamine, molecular formula (C2H5) 2noh), which has long been banned. Many supermarket chains still use PVC fresh-keeping film to wrap greasy food, which has great potential safety hazards

the requirements for over packaging of food and cosmetics (GB), which will be implemented on April 1 next year, stipulates the requirements for over packaging of food and cosmetics and the calculation method of limit indicators, including mandatory provisions such as the requirements for the porosity of food and cosmetics packaging and the number of packaging layers, and the sum of all packaging costs except the initial packaging should not exceed 20% of the sales price of goods, as well as other recommended provisions

since there is no mandatory standard for packaging materials at present, over packaged goods began to make a big fuss about the packaging box materials. Experts suggest that different packaging materials need different treatment processes. In the upcoming regulations on restricting excessive packaging of goods, the types of packaging materials should be clearly defined. It is best to use a single material or materials that are easy to separate, so as to lighten the packaging, and do not encourage the selection of heavy or expensive materials such as metal, wood, crystal, glass, etc

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