The hottest German industry 40 is too exaggerated.

2022-07-27
  • Detail

German industry 4.0 is too exaggerated. Are traditional workers still alive

Ben Potter, a senior writer of well-known foreign science and technology media, recently introduced his views on the so-called industrial 4.0 revolution in detail through his personal experience in BMW Munich factory and Siemens Factory. In his opinion, although the industrial 4.0 revolution in the digital background may make some employees face the layoff crisis, it also brings more demand for technical talents to the society, which are irreversible trends of today's social progress

the following is the main content of the chapter on extending the service life:

the robots located in the flagship factory of BMW in Munich, Germany, have a unique personality and work style. These robots are uniformly painted with yellow and black paint, and will gracefully complete their assigned tasks with high precision through various rotations and actions. Generally speaking, the accuracy and reliability of these robots are between times that of human workers

robots in BMW factories usually cooperate in teams, while robots in body and paint workshops have almost completely replaced the role of human workers. For example, when the No. 1 robot arm moves a sheet metal of the car body to the assembly line, the other two robots are already on standby at the assembly line. Once the No. 1 robot arm is placed in place and its own robot arm is removed, the other two robots will immediately weld the sheet metal firmly into the vehicle body

moreover, these robots can also distinguish specific objects and make different actions according to different RFID tags on body parts

in the body workshop of BMW, we found that there were all kinds of mechanical noises. You can understand that these robots were talking to each other. Moreover, their welding technology is also very excellent. It is reported that they can achieve ultra-high precision of nearly onehundredth of a millimeter

in contrast, BMW's paint shop is much quieter. The robots working in this shop will wear protective overalls and hold a motor nozzle that can rotate at a high speed 40000 times per second to spray the car body evenly. The spraying accuracy can reach an ultra-high accuracy of one tenth of a millimeter. Moreover, the fingers of these robots will also conduct electric treatment on the sprayed paint, so as to make the paint more closely fit the body surface. Here, the robot can know the specific vehicle model and the required paint color according to the body label, and can complete the paint replacement and filling in a few seconds

more importantly, these robots do not need to rest. They can produce 1000 new cars for BMW Munich factory every day, and each can meet the customized needs of consumers. Moreover, the vehicle inventory time in this factory is usually only a few hours, so the resource utilization is maximized

new world outlook

indeed, the proportion of exports to emerging countries will also be greatly increased. Robots are very different from human beings in the working environment. After the rise of the industrial revolution, people have been puzzled by the question: is the emergence of robots to help people better complete their work, or is it intended to completely replace the role of human beings? As robots become more and more intelligent and flexible, will they gradually replace some more skilled jobs and occupations in the future? Will they gradually have the same thinking ability as human beings, and eventually launch resistance

regarding the last question, Elon Musk, CEO of American electric vehicle manufacturers, once said that artificial intelligence has become the biggest threat in the world today

Germany's industrial sector calls today's global digital technology innovation industrie 4.0, while others call it IOT. But what they want to express is the same, that is, digital technology has become cheaper and more efficient, and began to gradually penetrate into every corner of innovation, engineering, production, transportation and maintenance in every field of the world

at the same time, the emergence of emerging technologies such as 3D printing has had a significant impact on the global economy. By adjusting the proportion of research materials, the prices of many services and products have been greatly reduced, but the quality and variety of products have also been improved. Previously, it was almost impossible to meet the quality and price of products at the same time

in fact, except that production line workers and office clerks are doing the same work every day, senior technicians, librarians, tax officials, accountants and some lawyers are also doing some repetitive work every day, and they are very likely to be replaced by robots in the era of industry 4.0. In addition, the professions including train, truck driver, aircraft driver, health technician and even economist are also likely to feel the threat from robots in the future

at the same time, the era of industry 4.0 has also brought us many new jobs, including page designer, station marketing consultant, digital content, station lawyer, intelligent application developer and so on, which were unimaginable terms 20 years ago, and these are fields that can not be reached by artificial intelligent machines for the time being

fear of technology

in the early 19th century, textile workers deliberately destroyed the brand-new automatic textile machines and other factory equipment because they were afraid of losing their jobs. At that time, these people were collectively referred to as Luddites who opposed technological progress. To put it simply, what these Luddites want is for the world to stop making progress, or for the government to limit the emergence of new technologies as much as possible to ensure their relative security, just like the opposition to Uber around the world

John Maynard Keynes, one of the most influential economists in modern western economics, once created the so-called concept of animal spirit. In 1930, he published a paper entitled "the economic prospects of our future generations". Keynes said in his article that scientific and technological progress can make the future bright. In the long run, human beings can solve the problem of scarcity economically and no longer have to work for survival. This means that all social customs and economic practices that affect the distribution of wealth and economic rewards and punishments can be put aside

at the same time, Keynes also predicted that the development of technology may bring a new unemployment problem, but the emergence of this unemployment problem will make us re-examine the more uses of human resources

Eric brunovsson of MIT Sloan School of business and Andrew McAfee, a writer and professor of business school, said in their new book the second machine age: the mechanical automation revolution took place under the joint action of computers and automatic regulating machines. The result of this revolution is to create a fully automatic production environment that requires little human intervention

although this revolution triggered people's employment crisis, scholars of the National Academy of Sciences soon found that due to the decline of labor costs, the overall market demand for a product has increased due to the reduction of prices, and the booming demand has increased the employment demand in many other fields

the arrival of this digital industrial revolution has brought many innovative products and services to the market, and made countless innovative entrepreneurs, engineers and managers make a lot of money. However, at present, we have only touched the surface of the earliest revolution in China in this digital industry, including the traditional and conservative fields such as government, public facilities, medical treatment and education, which have not yet been impacted

at the same time, this field, like the oil, steel and railway industries in the 19th century, shows the characteristics of "all winners and all winners", that is, the best enterprises can develop the global market and easily gain industry advantages under the background of the digital industrial revolution. However, against this background, the income of the middle class in the United States and Europe has also stagnated. This is mainly because the supporting education system has not kept up with the development of the new technology era, resulting in a situation of surplus ordinary workers and scarcity of senior skilled workers

great benefits

it is certain that the arrival of the digital industrial revolution has also brought great opportunities for people, because human beings have extraordinary adaptability, and new jobs are constantly emerging. Specifically, although machines began to take over more and more repetitive jobs, they also created many new jobs for the market, because there are many jobs in the world that machines can't do, and most of these jobs require people to be independent, innovative or perceptual. For example, appealing in court, writing poems, performing Shakespeare's musicals, cutting hair, planting flowers, and cooking are all tasks that robots cannot do in the foreseeable future

this can be seen in BMW's Munich factory and other high-tech factories. Because the work including wiring, design, installation of interior trim and instrument panel is currently completely completed by manpower, the 12 cylinder engine used in some Rolls Royce and BMW 7 series models is manually assembled by technicians. The simple 8 cylinder engine assembly process calls for less than 20% of the automatic assembly technology, while the standard 4 cylinder engine assembly process only uses 50% of the automatic technology

Siemens Factory, which is responsible for providing robots for BMW factory, uses a large number of sensor conveyor belt supply systems. This system allows all parts with bar code labels to enter the conveyor belt. It will automatically adjust the transmission speed of parts according to demand, and allow the occurrence of queue jumping. But even in such a standard industrial 4.0 factory, only 75% of the processes are fully automated

Stephen Rachel, the production manager of the factory, said: this proportion is expected to reach 80% in the future, but part of the work must be completed only by manpower. For example, some products with very small output or very precise parts are obviously not suitable for automatic robots to complete at present

Rachel and other Siemens executives believe that they do not want robots and automation technology to make human employees obsolete, but to enhance their working ability through this way. At the same time, they also call these machines that can work with human employees as machine colleagues. Rachel emphasized that robots have a lower error rate than human workers, which is very important for factory automation

from the data, every 1million operations carried out by human workers will lead to 500 errors, while the error probability of robots is only 11.5 errors per million operations. Rachel said that the company's future goal is to further reduce the error rate to 1.5 errors per million

the progress of technology is continuous and can not be stopped. Today, computers and robots can do jobs that we could not imagine ten years ago. Moreover, with the blowout of computer processor performance, a single device can effectively process multiple data from multiple sensors and give more real-time instructions to the device

in the future, we

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI